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情态动词
(2007-7-25)
                    
  Must I return the book tomorrow?
                     
  我必须明天还书吗?
                     
  After such a long walk, you must be tired.
                     
  走了这么长的路,你一定困了。
                     
  He must be the man I am looking for.
                     
  他一定是我要找的人。
                     
  He had to go because of somebody's calling
                     
  him that day.
                     
  那天他要走是因为有人叫他。
                     
  must + have + 过去分词,表示现在对过去事物的推测。
                     
  He must have told my parents about it.
                     
  他一定把这件事情告诉我父母亲了。
                     
  He must have received my letter now.
                     
  他现在一定收到我的信了。
                     
  It's six o'clock already, we must have been late again.
                     
  已经六点钟了,我们一定又迟到了。
                     
  must 和 have to 的区别: must 表示说话人的主观思想, have to 表示客观需要。
                     
  You must do it now.
                     
  你必需现在就干。(说话人认为必须现在干)
                     
  I have to go now.
                     
  我得走了。(客观条件必须现在走)
                     
  need 需要 多用在否定式或疑问句中.
                     
  Need I attend the meeting tomorrow?
                     
  我需要明天参加会议吗?
                     
  You need not hand in the paper this week.
                     
  这一周你不必交论文。
                     
  need 是一个情态动词, 他的用法完全和其他情态动词一样, 但 need 还可当作实义动词使用, 这时 need 就象其他动词一样,有第三人称,单复数, 后面加带 to 的动词等特性。
                     
  I need a bike to go to school.
                     
  我上qy千赢国际官网需要一辆自行车。
                     
  Do you need a dictionary?
                     
  你需要词典吗?
                     
  She needs a necklace.
                     
  她需要一条项链。
                     
  needn't + have + 过去分词 表示过去做了没必要做的事情。
                     
  You needn't have taken it seriously.
                     
  这件事情你不必太认真。
                     
  dare 敢 多用在否定或疑问句中。
                     
  The little girl dare not speak in public.
                     
  小女孩不敢在公众面前说话。
                     
  Dare you catch the little cat?
                     
  你敢抓小猫吗?
                     
  dare 除用作情态动词外,更多的是当实义动词使用, 用法同实义动词一样,要qy千赢国际官网虑人称,单复数,时态等。
                     
  Do you dare to walk in the dark?
                     
  你敢黑夜走路吗?
                     
  He doesn't dare to tell the teacher what happened that day.
                     
  他不敢告诉老师那天发生的事。
                     
  ought 应当,应该 后面跟带有 to 的动词不定式。
                     
  You ought to read these books if you want to know how to repair the motorcar.
                     
  如果你想知道如何修理汽车,你应该读这些书。
                     
  You ought to bring the child here.
                     
  你应该把孩子带来。
                     
  ought + to have done 句型。指过去动作,表示一件事情该做而未做。
                     
  You ought to have been here yesterday.
                     
  你昨天就应该来。
                     
  ought not to have done 句型。表示一件不该做的事情却做了。
                     
  You ought not to have taken the book out of the reading-room.
                     
  你不应该把书带出阅览室。
                     
  will (would)决心,愿望。 would 为 will 的过去式,
                     
  可用于各人称。
                     
  I'll do my best to catch up with them.
                     
  我要尽全力赶上他们。
                     
  I'll never do it again, that's the last time.
                     
  我再不会做那件事情了,这是最后一次。
                     
  He said he would help me.
                     
  他说他会帮助我。
                     
  will, would用于疑问句表示说话人向对方提出请求或询问,用 would 比 will 更婉转,客气。
                     
  It's hot. Will you open the windows?
                     
  天气太热了,你能打开窗户吗?
                     
  Will you help me to work it out?
                     
  你能帮我解这道题吗?
                     
  Would you like some coffee?
                     
  给你来点咖啡怎样?
                     
  Shall, should表示命令,警告,允诺,征求,劝告,建议惊奇。
                     
  You should hand in the exercise book.
                     
  你应该交作业本儿了。
                     
  This should be no problem.
                     
  这应该没问题。
                     
  Shall we go now.
                     
  我们现在可以走了吗?
                     
  Why should I meet him?
                     
  为什么我要见他?
                     
  have to,不得不,必须,表示客观条件只能如此, 而must 则表示主观思想必须。
                     
  I have to go now.
                     
  我现在得走了。
                     
  I have to cook for my child.
                     
  我得给孩子做饭。
                     
  You must be here on time next time.
                     
  你下次一定要按时来。
                     
  We must go to get the timetable ourselves.
                     
  我们一定要自己去拿时刻表。

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